To be an excellent manager, one must possess with a wide-range of skills starting from delegating and planning to communicating and motivating. Such skills are necessary in order to accomplish the set targets (Griffin). Business managers today are highly required to have the ability to make quick decisions in the rapidly changing world. They must make a quick and right decision for their business to run effectively in the highly developing and competitive business environment. Decision making is one of the many skills that any manager is required to have in order to run his or her company or institution effectively. Others include the ethical and/or spiritual orientation, communication skills, interpersonal skills, the ability to motivate workers, and the most important an analytical or problem solving ability. For sound decisions and correct management in place, critical thinking must be employed by all managers. Where there is a lack of critical thinking, the dysfunctional leadership is bound to arise. In the today’s world today and as expected in future, business realities have turned into global areas of rapid and quite unpredictable changes (Griffin). This has led to an increase in the complexity of setbacks that institutions, managers and employees are dealing with in this new generation. Some advancement in technology has impacted heavily on working practices and management styles. The study shows that more managers today are relying on the technological help in an effort to make the right decisions that would either break or create the institution. This paper aims at exploring the crucial skills of critical thinking and its impacts on the next generation managers.
Beyond a reasonable doubt, the new generation of managers has some goals and priorities being almost the opposite of most managers running institutions and companies today. To be able to accommodate to these new generation managers, the work environment has been tailored for their values and priorities to be created. Recently, the institutional strategies, basic company structures, products and services have rapidly become outdated. New practices at the work place, for instance, the virtual teams, video conferencing, teleworking among other new technologies have taken over the old routine practices. It is evident that such developments occur at such rate that most managers and employees cannot cope with or adapt to them. However, the new generation of managers easily adapts to these structural or technological advancements. One thing is similar to all generations though that the sound decision making requires the critical thinking. Critical thinking may be defined as the desire to analyze deeply, assert slowly, doubt patiently, meditate fondly, consider readily, dispose carefully and ultimately set a decision in order (Cohen). It is a reflective way of seeing the things or situations so as to see what to do. Using critical thinking, the means of upgrading or assessing the individual’s ability to make a sound judgement is acquired. For a manager, it enables him or her to virtually visit any situation and help them figuring out all logic explanations to the occurrences in the situation at hand (Cohen). A continuous process of self-assessment helps the one to learn and ultimately form some sound judgments and beliefs through a deductive reasoning. Therefore, the valid logic, truth and a sound argument equals to the critical thinking and good decision making.
As opposed to elder colleagues, the new generation of managers has a different way of executing its mandate. The times have changed and as the new generation of managers prepares to take over the managerial roles, elder folks and the old issued managers must learn to work with the young blood in order to keep up with the new 21st century’s changes. A wide gap between the workforce and generations must be bridged in order for both groups to learn from each other. The old edition of managers has quite a simple system of doing things being well known and quite standard globally. Therefore, to bridge the gap, it is important to understand how the new generation managers think and work and try to understand what is important to them. They value the teamwork and communication that is open at all levels. They collaborate rather than make decisions solely, and they try to involve every person in their decision making processes. This management style is proven to yield more results than the old system of bureaucracy and/or dictatorship. However, it calls for the more critical thinking. The technology has become so advanced that most employees and decision makers rely on it for making their judgments. This action leaves no room for critical thinking (Subash). The machine only analyzes the data based on inputs and constant factors that may vary within some short periods of time (Cohen). Therefore, the manager must be able to use the data and critical thinking skills to produce a sound judgment. He/she must sort out the sources of data and set the eyes on the most relevant aspects so as to emerge with the right decision amidst the challenging economy and the workforce displaying insecurity, uncertainty and ambiguity together with other challenging factors (Griffin).
The research has found out that managers being the good critical thinkers make the far better decisions than those being not the critical thinkers; and they are thereby more successful. Luckily, critical thinking in management can be taught and learned (Subash). The way how one becomes a critical thinker does not matter as long as they begin using these skills learnt on the day to day basis. Some of them are the natural thinkers, while others acquire critical thinking through a constant learning process. New generation managers must possess these skills among other managerial skills to be able to cope with rising tides, for instance, the poor economy, some institutional politics, any advancement in technology, the generational gaps between workforces, and other challenges. In conclusion, the new generation management that will choose to include the critical thinking, their personality and other skills in their evaluations will achieve a more comprehensive view on any problem. Thus, it will enable the management team to come up with the most viable decisions to suit any institution and workforce (Subash).